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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 6-K

REPORT OF FOREIGN PRIVATE ISSUER

PURSUANT TO RULE 13a-16 OR 15d-16 UNDER

THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the month of December 2022

Commission File Number: 001-39407

Li Auto Inc.

(Registrant’s Name)

11 Wenliang Street

Shunyi District, Beijing 101399

People’s Republic of China

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant files or will file annual reports under cover Form 20-F or Form 40-F.

Form 20-F       Form 40-F 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(1):

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(7):

EXPLANATORY NOTE

Exhibits 99.1 and 99.2 to this current report on Form 6-K are incorporated by reference into the registration statement on Form F-3 of Li Auto Inc. (File No. 333-258378) that was filed on August 2, 2021 and shall be a part thereof from the date on which this current report is furnished, to the extent not superseded by documents or reports subsequently filed or furnished.

EXHIBIT INDEX

Exhibit No.

   

Description

99.1

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements as of and for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021 and 2022

99.2

Li Auto Inc. Updated Disclosures

101.INS

Inline XBRL Instance Document – this instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document

101.SCH

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document

101.CAL

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document

101.DEF

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

101.LAB

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Labels Linkbase Document

101.PRE

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

104

Cover Page Interactive Data File (embedded within the Inline XBRL document)

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

Li Auto Inc.

By

/s/ Tie Li

Name:

Tie Li

Title:

Director and Chief Financial Officer

Date: December 12, 2022

255000000182943469319369474620.341.17355812080355812080P12MP12M192956242619538207660.200.20P0Y

Table of Contents

Exhibit 99.1

INDEX TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Page

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2021 and September 30, 2022

F-2

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021 and 2022

F-4

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021 and 2022

F-5

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021 and 2022

F-6

Notes to the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

F-8

F-1

Table of Contents

LI AUTO INC.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(All amounts in thousands, except for share and per share data)

As of

December 31, 

September 30,

    

2021

    

2022

RMB

    

RMB

US$

Note 2(e)

ASSETS

 

  

 

  

 

  

Current assets:

 

  

 

  

 

  

Cash and cash equivalents

 

27,854,224

 

37,472,617

 

5,267,817

Restricted cash

 

2,638,840

 

3,097,127

 

435,387

Time deposits and short‑term investments

 

19,668,239

 

14,492,404

 

2,037,310

Trade receivable, net of allowance for credit losses of RMB467, and RMB149 as of December 31, 2021 and September 30, 2022, respectively

 

120,541

 

32,582

 

4,580

Inventories

 

1,617,890

 

5,515,781

 

775,396

Prepayments and other current assets, net of allowance for credit losses of RMB2,192, and RMB14,172 as of December 31, 2021 and September 30, 2022, respectively

 

480,680

 

1,459,680

 

205,199

Total current assets

 

52,380,414

 

62,070,191

 

8,725,689

Non‑current assets:

 

  

 

  

 

  

Long‑term investments

 

156,306

 

1,480,987

 

208,194

Property, plant and equipment, net

 

4,498,269

 

9,361,504

 

1,316,019

Operating lease right‑of‑use assets, net

 

2,061,492

 

3,277,542

 

460,750

Intangible assets, net

 

751,460

 

832,030

 

116,965

Deferred tax assets

19,896

11,493

1,616

Other non‑current assets, net of allowance for credit losses of RMB3,757, and RMB7,468 as of December 31, 2021 and September 30, 2022, respectively

 

1,981,076

 

2,196,550

 

308,787

Total noncurrent assets

 

9,468,499

 

17,160,106

 

2,412,331

Total assets

 

61,848,913

 

79,230,297

 

11,138,020

LIABILITIES

 

  

 

  

 

  

Current liabilities:

 

  

 

  

 

  

Short‑term borrowings

 

37,042

 

528,065

 

74,234

Trade and notes payable

 

9,376,050

 

15,520,221

 

2,181,798

Amounts due to related parties

 

37,455

 

7,307

 

1,027

Deferred revenue, current

 

305,092

 

522,613

 

73,468

Operating lease liabilities, current

 

473,245

 

707,068

 

99,398

Accruals and other current liabilities

 

1,879,368

 

4,615,396

 

648,823

Total current liabilities

 

12,108,252

 

21,900,670

 

3,078,748

Non‑current liabilities:

 

  

 

  

 

  

Long-term borrowings

5,960,899

8,964,211

1,260,169

Deferred revenue, non‑current

 

389,653

 

584,635

 

82,187

Operating lease liabilities, non‑current

 

1,369,825

 

1,743,489

 

245,096

Deferred tax liabilities

153,723

84,264

11,846

Other non‑current liabilities

 

802,259

 

1,805,869

 

253,865

Total noncurrent liabilities

 

8,676,359

 

13,182,468

 

1,853,163

Total liabilities

 

20,784,611

 

35,083,138

 

4,931,911

Commitments and contingencies (Note 25)

 

  

 

  

 

  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

F-2

Table of Contents

LI AUTO INC.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Continued)

(All amounts in thousands, except for share and per share data)

    

As of

December 31, 

September 30, 

2021

2022

    

RMB

    

RMB

    

US$

Note 2(e)

SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

  

 

  

 

  

Class A Ordinary Shares

 

  

 

  

 

  

(US$0.0001 par value; 4,500,000,000 shares authorized, 1,709,903,330 shares issued and 1,573,750,346 shares outstanding as of December 31, 2021 and 4,500,000,000 shares authorized, 1,728,765,894 shares issued and 1,598,008,686 shares outstanding as of September 30, 2022)

 

1,176

 

1,188

 

167

Class B Ordinary Shares

 

 

 

(US$0.0001 par value; 500,000,000 shares authorized, 355,812,080 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2021 and September 30, 2022)

 

235

 

235

33

Treasury Shares

(89)

(84)

(12)

Additional paid‑in capital

 

49,390,486

 

53,166,644

 

7,474,048

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

(1,521,871)

 

(236,207)

 

(33,205)

Accumulated deficit

 

(6,805,635)

 

(9,074,788)

 

(1,275,714)

Total Li Auto Inc. shareholders’ equity

41,064,302

43,856,988

6,165,317

Noncontrolling interests

290,171

40,792

Total shareholders’ equity

 

41,064,302

 

44,147,159

 

6,206,109

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

 

61,848,913

 

79,230,297

 

11,138,020

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

F-3

Table of Contents

LI AUTO INC.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

(All amounts in thousands, except for share and per share data)

For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 

    

2021

    

2022

    

2022

RMB

RMB

US$

Note 2(e)

Revenues:

 

  

 

  

 

Vehicle sales

 

15,752,753

 

26,838,104

 

3,772,841

Other sales and services

 

636,574

 

798,838

 

112,299

Total revenues

 

16,389,327

 

27,636,942

 

3,885,140

Cost of sales:

 

  

 

  

 

Vehicle sales

 

(12,697,925)

 

(21,870,088)

 

(3,074,448)

Other sales and services

 

(309,927)

 

(542,729)

 

(76,296)

Total cost of sales

 

(13,007,852)

 

(22,412,817)

 

(3,150,744)

Gross profit

 

3,381,475

 

5,224,125

 

734,396

Operating expenses:

 

  

 

  

 

Research and development

 

(2,056,398)

 

(4,709,941)

 

(662,113)

Selling, general and administrative

 

(2,366,500)

 

(4,035,442)

 

(567,293)

Total operating expenses

 

(4,422,898)

 

(8,745,383)

 

(1,229,406)

Loss from operations

 

(1,041,423)

 

(3,521,258)

 

(495,010)

Other (expense)/income

 

  

 

  

 

Interest expense

 

(53,559)

 

(67,947)

 

(9,552)

Interest income and investment income, net

 

561,117

 

720,457

 

101,280

Others, net

 

98,283

 

540,927

 

76,042

Loss before income tax expense

 

(435,582)

 

(2,327,821)

 

(327,240)

Income tax (expense)/benefit

 

(181,384)

 

30,171

 

4,241

Net loss

 

(616,966)

 

(2,297,650)

 

(322,999)

Less: Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

(28,497)

(4,006)

Net loss attributable to ordinary shareholders of Li Auto Inc.

 

(616,966)

 

(2,269,153)

 

(318,993)

Weighted average number of ordinary shares used in computing net loss per share

 

  

 

  

 

Basic

 

1,829,434,693

 

1,936,947,462

 

1,936,947,462

Diluted

1,829,434,693

1,936,947,462

1,936,947,462

Net loss per share attributable to ordinary shareholders

 

  

 

  

 

Basic

 

(0.34)

 

(1.17)

 

(0.16)

Diluted

(0.34)

(1.17)

(0.16)

Net loss

 

(616,966)

 

(2,297,650)

 

(322,999)

Other comprehensive (loss)/income

 

  

 

  

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of tax

 

(144,620)

 

1,285,664

 

180,736

Total other comprehensive (loss)/income

 

(144,620)

 

1,285,664

 

180,736

Total comprehensive loss

 

(761,586)

 

(1,011,986)

 

(142,263)

Less: Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

(28,497)

(4,006)

Comprehensive loss attributable to ordinary shareholders of Li Auto Inc.

 

(761,586)

 

(983,489)

 

(138,257)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

F-4

Table of Contents

LI AUTO INC.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(All amounts in thousands, except for share and per share data)

Accumulated

    

Class A Ordinary Shares

    

Class B Ordinary Shares

    

Treasury Shares

    

Additional

    

Other

    

    

Total

Number

Number

Paidin

Comprehensive

Accumulated

Noncontrolling

Shareholders’

of Shares

Amount

of Shares

Amount

Shares

    

Amount

Capital

Loss

Deficit

Interests

Equity

    

    

RMB

    

    

RMB

RMB

    

RMB

    

RMB

    

RMB

    

RMB

    

RMB

Balance as of December 31, 2020

 

1,453,476,230

 

1,010

 

355,812,080

 

235

 

37,289,761

 

(1,005,184)

 

(6,482,225)

 

29,803,597

Cumulative effect of adoption of credit loss guidance (Note 2(h))

(1,955)

(1,955)

Issuance of ordinary shares as treasury shares

34,000,000

22

(34,000,000)

(22)

Exercise of share options

1,519,362

985

985

Share-based compensation

710,500

710,500

Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of tax

(144,620)

(144,620)

CEO options

108,557,400

70

(108,557,400)

(70)

70

70

Share issuance upon the initial public offering, net of issuance costs

113,869,700

74

10,995,213

10,995,287

Net loss

(616,966)

(616,966)

Balance as of September 30, 2021

1,709,903,330

1,176

355,812,080

235

(141,038,038)

(92)

48,996,529

(1,149,804)

(7,101,146)

40,746,898

Balance as of December 31, 2021

1,709,903,330

1,176

355,812,080

235

(136,152,984)

(89)

49,390,486

(1,521,871)

(6,805,635)

41,064,302

Exercise of share options and vesting of RSUs

5,395,776

5

3,595

3,600

Share-based compensation

1,350,864

1,350,864

Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of tax

1,285,664

1,285,664

Capital injection by noncontrolling interests

318,668

318,668

Share issuance upon the at-the-market equity offering program (the “ATM Offering”)

18,862,564

12

2,421,699

2,421,711

Net loss

(2,269,153)

(28,497)

(2,297,650)

Balance as of September 30, 2022

1,728,765,894

1,188

355,812,080

235

(130,757,208)

(84)

53,166,644

(236,207)

(9,074,788)

290,171

44,147,159

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

F-5

Table of Contents

LI AUTO INC.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(All amounts in thousands, except for share and per share data)

For the Nine Months Ended September 30,

    

2021

    

2022

    

2022

RMB

RMB

US$

Note 2(e)

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES

 

  

 

  

 

  

Net loss

 

(616,966)

 

(2,297,650)

 

(322,999)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

  

 

  

 

  

Depreciation and amortization

 

382,575

 

785,271

 

110,392

Share-based compensation expenses

 

710,500

 

1,350,864

 

189,901

Foreign exchange loss

 

55,947

 

14,157

 

1,990

Unrealized investment loss/(income)

 

8,704

 

(8,419)

 

(1,184)

Interest expense

 

50,955

 

20,210

 

2,841

Share of loss of equity method investees

 

465

 

7,457

 

1,048

Impairment loss related to the property, plant and equipment

 

27,388

 

 

Inventory write-downs and losses on purchase commitments relating to inventory

 

51,256

 

802,799

 

112,856

Allowance for credit losses

 

3,566

 

15,373

 

2,161

Deferred income tax, net

 

181,384

 

(61,056)

 

(8,583)

Loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment

 

19,843

 

53,848

 

7,570

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

  

 

  

 

  

Prepayments and other current assets

 

(363,959)

 

(988,152)

 

(138,912)

Inventories

 

(490,372)

 

(4,162,785)

 

(585,195)

Operating lease right‑of‑use assets

 

(505,064)

 

(505,330)

 

(71,038)

Operating lease liabilities

 

546,537

 

607,486

 

85,399

Other non-current assets

 

(379,936)

 

(460,806)

 

(64,779)

Trade receivable

 

(152,634)

 

87,377

 

12,283

Deferred revenue

 

148,852

 

(16,644)

 

(2,340)

Trade and notes payable

 

3,881,128

 

5,628,720

 

791,273

Amounts due to related parties

 

(12,902)

 

(30,148)

 

(4,238)

Accruals and other current liabilities

 

630,130

 

944,560

 

132,784

Other non‑current liabilities

 

326,090

 

667,784

 

93,877

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

4,503,487

 

2,454,916

 

345,107

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES

 

  

 

  

 

  

Purchase of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets

 

(1,786,162)

 

(3,459,878)

 

(486,382)

Disposal of property, plant and equipment

 

1

 

760

 

107

Purchase of long‑term equity investments

 

 

(663,090)

 

(93,216)

Placement of long-term time deposits

 

(797,268)

 

(679,486)

 

(95,521)

Redemption of short-term time deposits

 

1,138,908

 

514,242

 

72,291

Placement of short-term investment

 

(194,477,476)

 

(44,221,644)

 

(6,216,580)

Redemption of short-term investment

 

198,841,957

 

49,502,709

 

6,958,981

Placement of long-term financial instruments

 

 

(50,000)

 

(7,029)

Cash paid related to acquisition of Chongqing Zhizao Automobile Co., Ltd. (“Chongqing Zhizao”), net of cash acquired

 

(67,580)

 

 

Net cash provided by investing activities

2,852,380

943,613

132,651

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

F-6

Table of Contents

LI AUTO INC.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Continued)

(All amounts in thousands, except for share and per share data)

For the Nine Months Ended September 30,

2021

2022

2022

    

RMB

RMB

US$

Note 2(e)

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES

Proceeds from issuance of convertible debt

 

5,533,238

 

 

Proceeds from share issuance through an at-the-market equity offering program (the “ATM Offering”)

 

 

2,465,441

 

346,587

Proceeds from exercise of stock options and vesting of RSUs

 

683

 

5,680

 

798

Proceeds from borrowings

 

400,000

 

2,977,934

 

418,632

Payment of borrowings

 

(429,692)

 

(149,850)

 

(21,066)

Proceeds from issue ordinary shares

 

70

 

 

Payment of issuance costs

 

 

(837)

 

(118)

Capital injection from noncontrolling interest

 

 

90,000

 

12,652

Proceeds from Hong Kong IPO, net of issuance cost

 

11,040,204

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

16,544,503

 

5,388,368

 

757,485

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

(111,698)

 

1,289,783

 

181,314

Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

23,788,672

 

10,076,680

 

1,416,557

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of the period

 

10,172,519

 

30,493,064

 

4,286,647

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of the period

 

33,961,191

 

40,569,744

 

5,703,204

Supplemental schedule of noncash investing and financing activities

 

  

 

  

 

  

Payable related to purchase of property, plant and equipment

 

(637,969)

 

(2,471,347)

 

(347,416)

Property, plant and equipment and other assets related to capital injection by noncontrolling interest shareholders

 

 

228,668

 

32,146

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

F-7

Table of Contents

LI AUTO INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(All amounts in thousands, except for share and per share data)

1.Organization and Nature of Operations

(a)Principal activities

Li Auto Inc. (“Li Auto”, or the “Company”) was incorporated under the laws of the Cayman Islands in April 2017 as an exempted company with limited liability. The Company, through its consolidated subsidiaries and the consolidated variable interest entities (the “VIEs”) and the VIEs’ subsidiaries (collectively, the “Group”), is primarily engaged in the design, development, manufacturing, and sales of new energy vehicles in the People’s Republic of China (the “PRC”).

(b)History of the Group and basis of presentation for the Reorganizations

Prior to the incorporation of the Company and starting in April 2015, the Group’s business was carried out under Beijing CHJ Information Technology Co., Ltd. (or “Beijing CHJ”) and its subsidiaries. Concurrently with the incorporation of the Company in April 2017, Beijing CHJ, through one of its wholly-owned subsidiaries, entered into a shareholding entrustment agreement with the management team (the legal owners of the Company at that time) to obtain full control over the Company (the “Cayman Shareholding Entrustment Agreement”). In the same year, the Company set up its subsidiaries Leading Ideal HK Limited (“Leading Ideal HK”), Beijing Co Wheels Technology Co., Ltd. (“Wheels Technology” or “WOFE”), and a consolidated VIE, Beijing Xindian Transport Information Technology Co., Ltd. (“Xindian Information”). The Company, together with its subsidiaries and the VIE, were controlled and consolidated by Beijing CHJ prior to the reorganization.

The Group underwent a reorganization (the “2019 Reorganization”) in July 2019. The major reorganization steps are described as follows:

Beijing CHJ terminated the Cayman Shareholding Entrustment Agreement, and concurrently the WOFE entered into contractual agreements with Beijing CHJ and its legal shareholders so that Beijing CHJ became a consolidated VIE of the WOFE;
the Company issued ordinary shares and Series Pre-A, A-1, A-2, A-3, B-1, B-2 and B-3 convertible redeemable preferred shares to shareholders of Beijing CHJ in exchange for respective equity interests that they held in Beijing CHJ immediately before the 2019 Reorganization.

All 2019 Reorganization related contracts were signed by all relevant parties on July 2, 2019, and all administrative procedures of the 2019 Reorganization, including but not limited to remitting share capital of Beijing CHJ overseas for reinjecting into the Company were completed by December 31, 2019.

As the shareholdings in the Company and Beijing CHJ were with a high degree of common ownership immediately before and after the 2019 Reorganization, even though no single investor controlled Beijing CHJ or Li Auto, the transaction of the 2019 Reorganization was determined to be a recapitalization with lack of economic substance, and was accounted for in a manner similar to a common control transaction. Consequently, the financial information of the Group is presented on a carryover basis for all periods presented. The number of outstanding shares in the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets, the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of changes in shareholders’ equity, and per share information including the net loss per share have been presented retrospectively as of the beginning of the earliest period presented on the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements to be comparable with the final number of shares issued in the 2019 Reorganization. Accordingly, the effect of the ordinary shares and the preferred shares issued by the Company pursuant to the 2019 Reorganization have been presented retrospectively as of the beginning of the earliest period presented in the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statement or the original issue date, whichever is later, as if such shares were issued by the Company when the Group issued such interests.

F-8

Table of Contents

LI AUTO INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(All amounts in thousands, except for share and per share data)

1. Organization and Nature of Operations (Continued)

In preparation for the Listing on the main board of the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited (“HKEx”), the Group underwent reorganization of its corporate structure (the “2021 Reorganization”) in the second quarter of 2021. The major reorganization steps were as follows:

In accordance with the requirements under the Listing Decision LD43-3 of HKEx to the extent practicable, the Company underwent reorganization of the holding structure of its onshore subsidiaries and the VIEs. The 2021 Reorganization mainly involved changing certain VIEs to wholly owned or partly-owned subsidiaries of the Company, to the extent permitted under the relevant PRC laws and regulations. Please refer to Note 1 (b) (i) and (ii).
In April, 2021, certain new contractual arrangements were entered into to replace the original contractual arrangements in place before the completion of 2021 Reorganization. Upon the completion of 2021 Reorganization, Beijing CHJ and Leading Ideal HK’s subsidiary each held 50% of equity interest of Chongqing Lixiang Automobile which was previously a wholly owned subsidiary of Beijng CHJ.

The transactions relating to the 2021 Reorganization were accounted for as common control transactions within the Group. Accordingly, the Group’s consolidated financial information was not impacted as a result of these transactions.

In March 2022, Beijing CHJ transferred its equity interest of Chongqing Lixiang Automobile to Leading Ideal HK’s subsidiary. Consequently, Chongqing Lixiang Automobile became a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company. The transaction was accounted for a common control transaction within the Group; accordingly, there was no impact to the Group’s consolidated financial information.

The Group’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the financial statements of the Company, its subsidiaries, the consolidated VIEs and the VIEs’ subsidiaries.

F-9

Table of Contents

LI AUTO INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(All amounts in thousands, except for share and per share data)

1. Organization and Nature of Operations (Continued)

As of September 30, 2022, the Company’s principal subsidiaries, the consolidated VIEs and the VIEs’ subsidiaries are as follows:

    

Equity Interest
Held

    

Date of Incorporation
or Date of Acquisition

    

Place of
Incorporation

    

Principal Activities

    

Notes

Subsidiaries

Leading Ideal HK Limited (“Leading Ideal HK”)

100%

May 15, 2017

Hong Kong, China

Investment holding

Beijing Co Wheels Technology Co., Ltd. (“Wheels Technology”)

100%

December 19, 2017

Beijing, PRC

Technology development and corporate management

Beijing Leading Automobile Sales Co., Ltd.(“Beijing Leading”)

100%

August 6, 2019

Beijing, PRC

Sales and after sales management

Jiangsu Xindian Interactive Sales and Services Co., Ltd. (“Jiangsu XD”)

100%

May 08, 2017

Changzhou, PRC

Sales and after sales management

(i)

Chongqing Lixiang Automobile Co., Ltd. (“Chongqing Lixiang Automobile”)

100%

October 11, 2019

Chongqing, PRC

Manufacturing of automobile and purchase of manufacturing equipment

(ii)

Date of Incorporation

Place of
Incorporation

Principal Activities

Notes

The VIEs

Beijing CHJ Information Technology Co., Ltd. (“Beijing CHJ”)

April 10, 2015

Beijing, PRC

Technology development

Beijing Xindian Transport Information Technology Co., Ltd. (“Xindian Information”)

March 27, 2017

Beijing, PRC

Technology development

Notes:

(i)Jiangsu XD was Beijing CHJ’s subsidiary before the 2021 Reorganization.
(ii)Upon the completion of 2021 Reorganization, Beijing CHJ and Leading Ideal HK’s subsidiary each held a 50% equity interest in Chongqing Lixiang Automobile which was previously a wholly owned subsidiary of Beijing CHJ. In March 2022, Beijing CHJ transferred its equity interest of Chongqing Lixiang Automobile to Leading Ideal HK’s subsidiary. Consequently, Chongqing Lixiang Automobile became a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company.

F-10

Table of Contents

LI AUTO INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(All amounts in thousands, except for share and per share data)

1. Organization and Nature of Operations (Continued)

(c)Impact of the COVID-19

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and the related nationwide precautionary and control measures that were adopted in China starting in January 2020, the Company postponed the production in its Changzhou manufacturing facility after the Chinese New Year holiday in February 2020, and also experienced short term delays in the suppliers’ delivery of certain raw materials needed for production. As a result of varying levels of travel and other restrictions for public health concerns in various regions of China, the Group also temporarily postponed the delivery of Li ONE to customers. Following this temporary closure in February 2020, the Group reopened the retail stores and delivery and servicing centers and have resumed vehicle delivery to customers. Subsequent to March 31, 2020, the Group continuously increased their production capacity and delivery to normal level as the Group had recovered from the adverse impact of COVID-19 across China until the third quarter of 2021.

Since October 2021, the supply of semiconductor chips used for automotive manufacturing has experienced a global shortage following the disruption to semiconductor manufacturers due to the COVID-19 pandemic and an increase in global demand for personal computers for work-from-home economies. For example, due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Malaysia, the production of chips dedicated for the Group’s millimeter-wave radar supplier had been severely hampered, and the production and deliveries for the third quarter of 2021 had been adversely affected. Subsequent to December, 2021, the Group gradually resumed normal vehicle production by continuing to obtain the chips or other semiconductor components at a reasonable cost from multiple sources. The Group concluded that there would be no material impact on the Group’s long-term forecast.

In late March and April 2022, the COVID-19 resurgence in the Yangtze Delta region of China caused renewed and severe industry-wide disruptions in supply chain, logistics and production. The Group’s Changzhou manufacturing base is located in the center of the Yangtze Delta region, which is home to over 80% of the Group’s parts suppliers, especially in Shanghai and Kunshan. Certain suppliers in Shanghai and Kunshan temporarily terminated the production or delivery of their products completely, resulting in the Group unable to maintain adequate inventory for production demand. This had a material adverse impact on production in April 2022, resulting in delayed deliveries for customers. The Group has been working with vendors to restore production capacity with the objective to shorten the delivery waiting time for Li ONE customers. Despite the significant ongoing industry-wide parts supply chain challenges resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, the Group’s production and delivery of vehicles gradually began to resume and sustain pre-pandemic levels beginning in May 2022.

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

(a)Basis of presentation

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“US GAAP”) for interim financial information. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by US GAAP for complete financial statements. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in the annual financial statements prepared in accordance with US GAAP have been condensed or omitted consistent with Article 10 of Regulation S-X. The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the audited financial statements and include all adjustments as necessary for the fair statement of the Company’s financial position as of December 31, 2021 and September 30, 2022, results of operations and cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2022. The consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2021 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date but does not include all the information and footnotes required by US GAAP. The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures have been prepared with the presumption that users of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have read or have access to the audited consolidated financial statements for the preceding fiscal years. Accordingly, these financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and related footnotes for the year ended December 31, 2021. The accounting policies applied are consistent with those of the audited consolidated financial statements for the preceding fiscal year. Interim results of operations are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the full fiscal year or for any future period.

(b)Principles of consolidation

The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the financial statements of the Company, its subsidiaries, the VIEs and the VIEs’ subsidiaries for which the Company is the ultimate primary beneficiary.

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Table of Contents

LI AUTO INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(All amounts in thousands, except for share and per share data)

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

A subsidiary is an entity in which the Company, directly or indirectly, controls more than one half of the voting power; has the power to appoint or remove the majority of the members of the board of directors (the “Board”); to cast majority of votes at the meeting of the Board or to govern the financial and operating policies of the investee under a statute or agreement among the shareholders or equity holders.

A VIE is an entity in which the Company, or its subsidiary, through contractual arrangements, is able to direct the activities and derive the economic benefits of the entity. Accordingly, the Company is considered the primary beneficiary of each VIE and consolidates each entity in accordance with US GAAP.

All significant transactions and balances between the Company, its subsidiaries, the VIEs and the VIEs’ subsidiaries have been eliminated upon consolidation.

(c)Use of estimates

The preparation of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with US GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, related disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the balance sheet date, and the reported revenue and expenses during the reported period in the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes.

Significant accounting estimates reflected in the Group’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, to the extent applicable, mainly include, but are not limited to, standalone selling price of each distinct performance obligation in revenue recognition and determination of the amortization period of these obligations, the valuation of share-based compensation arrangements, fair value of investments and derivative instruments, useful lives of property, plant and equipment, useful lives of intangible assets, assessment for impairment of long-lived assets and intangible assets with indefinite lives, the provision for credit losses of financial assets, inventory valuation for excess and obsolete inventories, lower of cost and net realizable value of inventories, losses on purchase commitments, product warranties, determination of vendor rebates, assessment of variable lease payments, and valuation allowance for deferred tax assets. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

(d)Functional currency and foreign currency translation

The Group’s reporting currency is the Renminbi (“RMB”). The functional currency of the Company and its subsidiary which is incorporated in Hong Kong is United States dollars (“US$”). The functional currencies of the other subsidiaries, the VIEs and the VIEs’ subsidiaries are their respective local currencies (“RMB”). The determination of the respective functional currency is based on the criteria set out by ASC 830, Foreign Currency Matters.

Transactions denominated in currencies other than the functional currency are translated into the functional currency using the exchange rates prevailing at the transaction dates. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated into functional currency using the applicable exchange rates at the balance sheet date. Non-monetary items that are measured in terms of historical cost in foreign currency are measured using the exchange rates at the dates of the initial transactions. Exchange gains or losses arising from foreign currency transactions are included in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income/(loss).

The financial statements of the Group’s entities of which the functional currency is not RMB are translated from their respective functional currency into RMB. Assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated into RMB at the exchange rates at the balance sheet date. Equity accounts other than earnings generated in current period are translated into RMB at the appropriate historical rates. Income and expense items are translated into RMB using the periodic average exchange rates. The resulting foreign currency translation adjustments are recorded in other comprehensive income/(loss) in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income/(loss), and the accumulated foreign currency translation adjustments are presented as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss) in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of shareholders’ equity. Total foreign currency translation adjustment loss was RMB144,620 for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and foreign currency translation adjustment income was RMB1,285,664 for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 respectively.

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LI AUTO INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(All amounts in thousands, except for share and per share data)

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

(e)Convenience translation

Translations of balances in the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets, unaudited condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss and unaudited condensed consolidated statements of cash flows from RMB into US$ as of and for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 are solely for the convenience of the reader and were calculated at the rate of US$1.00 = RMB7.1135, representing the noon buying rate set forth in the H.10 statistical release of the U.S. Federal Reserve Board on September 30, 2022. No representation is made that the RMB amounts represent or could have been, or could be, converted, realized or settled into US$ at that rate on September 30, 2022, or at any other rate.

(f)Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

Cash and cash equivalents represent cash on hand, time deposits and highly liquid investments placed with banks or other financial institutions, which are unrestricted as to withdrawal and use, and which have original maturities of three months or less. As of December 31, 2021 and September 30, 2022, the Group had cash held in accounts managed by online payment platforms such as China Union Pay in connection with the collection of vehicle sales for a total amount of RMB33,540 and RMB64,218, respectively, which have been classified as cash and cash equivalents on the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Cash that is restricted as to withdrawal for use or pledged as security is reported separately on the face of the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets and is not included in the total cash and cash equivalents in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of cash flows. The Group’s restricted cash mainly represents (a) the secured deposits held in designated bank accounts for issuance of letter of credit, bank guarantee and bank acceptance bill; (b) the deposits held in designated bank accounts for security of the repayment of the notes payable (Note 14).

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash as reported in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of cash flows are presented separately on our unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets as follows:

    

As of

December 31, 

September 30, 

    

2021

    

2022

Cash and cash equivalents

 

27,854,224

 

37,472,617

Restricted cash

 

2,638,840

 

3,097,127

Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

30,493,064

 

40,569,744

(g)Time deposits and short-term investments

Time deposits are those balances placed with the banks. These deposits that have original maturities longer than three months but less than one year are classified as short-term time deposits which are reflected in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of balance sheets as “Time deposits and short‑term investments”, while the balances with original maturities longer than one year are classified as long-term time deposits which are reflected in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of balance sheets as “Long‑term investments”.

Short-term investments are investments in financial instruments with variable interest rates. These financial instruments which have maturity dates within one year are classified as short-term investments and are reflected in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of balance sheets as “Time deposits and short‑term investments”, while those financial instruments which have maturity dates longer than one year are classified as long-term investments in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of balance sheets. The Group elected the fair value method at the date of initial recognition and carried these investments subsequently at fair value. Fair value is estimated based on quoted prices of similar financial products provided by financial institutions at the end of each period. Changes in the fair value are reflected in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income/(loss) as “Interest income and investment income, net”.

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Table of Contents

LI AUTO INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(All amounts in thousands, except for share and per share data)

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

(h)Trade receivables and current expected credit losses

Trade receivable primarily includes amounts of vehicle sales related to government subsidies to be collected from the government on behalf of customers. The Group provides an allowance against trade receivable based on the expected credit loss approach (see below) and writes off trade receivable when they are deemed uncollectible. No material allowance for credit loss on trade receivable was recognized for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2022.

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses, which introduces an approach based on expected losses to estimate credit losses on certain types of financial instruments, including, but not limited to, trade and other receivables and net investments in leases. The Group assessed that trade receivable, other current assets, and other non-current assets are within the scope of ASC 326. The Group has identified the relevant risk characteristics of trade receivables, other current assets, and other non-current assets which include size, type of the services or the products the Group provides, or a combination of these characteristics, the historical credit loss experience, current economic conditions, supportable forecasts of future economic conditions, and any recoveries in assessing the lifetime expected credit losses, etc. Other key factors that influence the expected credit loss analysis include industry-specific factors that could impact the credit quality of the Group’s receivables. This is assessed at each quarter based on the Group’s specific facts and circumstances. All forward looking statements are, by their nature, subject to risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond the Group’s control. Considering the macroeconomic and market turmoil caused by COVID-19, the Group is continuously monitoring data and trends and took the latest available information into consideration.

The Group adopted ASC 326 and several associated ASUs on January 1, 2021 using a modified retrospective approach with a cumulative effect recorded as an increase of accumulated deficit in the amount of RMB1,955. As of January 1, 2021, upon the adoption, the expected credit loss provisions for the current assets and non-current assets were RMB972 and RMB983, respectively. For the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2022, the Group recorded RMB3,566 and RMB15,373 in expected credit losses in selling, general and administrative expenses, respectively. As of December 31, 2021 and September 30, 2022, the expected credit loss reserves recorded in current assets were RMB2,659 and RMB14,321, and recorded in non-current assets were RMB3,757 and RMB7,468, respectively.

The Group typically does not carry significant trade receivable related to vehicle sales and related sales as customer payments are due prior to vehicle delivery, except for amounts of vehicle sales in relation to government subsidies to be collected from the government on behalf of customers. Other current assets and other non-current assets primarily consist of other receivables and deposits. The following table summarizes the activity in the allowance for credit losses related to trade receivable, other current assets and other non-current assets for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2022:

    

For the Nine Months Ended 

September 30, 2021

    

September 30, 2022

Balance as of the beginning of the period

 

1,955

6,416

Provisions

 

4,038

20,954

Reversal

(472)

(5,581)

Balance as of the end of the period

 

5,521

21,789

(i)Derivative instruments

Derivative instruments are measured at fair value and recognized as either assets or liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets in either other current or non-current assets or other current liabilities or non-current liabilities depending upon maturity and commitment. Changes in the fair value of derivatives are either recognized periodically in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income/(loss) or in other comprehensive income/(loss) depending on the use of the derivatives and whether they qualify for hedge accounting.

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Table of Contents

LI AUTO INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(All amounts in thousands, except for share and per share data)

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

The Group selectively uses financial instruments to manage market risk associated with exposure to fluctuations in foreign currency rates with foreign exchange forwards and option contracts. These financial exposures are monitored and managed by the Group as an integral part of its risk management program. The Group does not engage in derivative instruments for speculative or trading purposes. The Group’s derivative instruments are not qualified for hedge accounting, thus changes in fair value are recognized in “Interest income and investment income, net” in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income/(loss). The cash flows of derivative financial instruments are classified in the same category as the cash flows from the items subject to the economic hedging relationships. The estimated fair value of the derivatives is determined based on relevant market information. These estimates are calculated with reference to the market rates using industry standard valuation techniques.

Derivative instruments are presented as net if rights of setoff exist, with all of the following conditions met: (a) each of two parties owes the other determinable amounts; (b) the reporting party has the right to set off the amount owed with the amount owed by the other party; (c) the reporting party intends to set off; and (d) the right of setoff is enforceable at law.

The Group did not have any outstanding derivative account balances instruments as of September 30, 2022 due to related maturities prior to December 31, 2021. The Group recorded a fair value gain of RMB61,241 and nil in Interest income and investment income, net on the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of comprehensive loss for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2022, respectively.

(j)Inventories

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost is calculated on the weighted average basis and includes all costs to acquire and other costs to bring the inventories to their present location and condition. The Group records inventory write-downs for excess or obsolete inventories based upon assumptions on current and future demand forecasts. If the inventory on hand is in excess of future demand forecast, the excess amounts are written off. The Group also reviews inventory to determine whether its carrying value exceeds the net amount realizable upon the ultimate sale of the inventory. This requires the determination of the estimated selling price of the vehicles less the estimated cost to convert inventory on hand into a finished product. Once inventory is written-down, a new, lower-cost basis for that inventory is established and subsequent changes in facts and circumstances do not result in the restoration or increase in that newly established cost basis. The Company recognized RMB51,256 and RMB802,799 in write-downs of inventories to net realizable value and losses on inventory purchase commitments in cost of sales for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2022, respectively.

(k)Property, plant and equipment, net

Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. Property, plant and equipment are depreciated at rates sufficient to write off their costs less impairment and residual value, if any, over their estimated useful lives on a straight-line basis. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of the lease term or the estimated useful lives of the related assets. Direct costs that are related to the construction of property, equipment and software and incurred in connection with bringing the assets to their intended use are capitalized as construction in progress. Interest expense on specific outstanding debt is capitalized during the period of significant capital asset construction. Capitalized interest expense on construction-in-progress is included within property, plant and equipment and is amortized over the life of the related assets. Motor vehicles represent vehicles used for the Group’s daily operation, including driving testing purpose. Construction in progress is transferred to specific property, equipment and software items and the depreciation of these assets commences when the assets are ready for their intended use.

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Table of Contents

LI AUTO INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(All amounts in thousands, except for share and per share data)

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

The estimated useful lives are as follows:

    

Useful Lives

 

Buildings

20 years

Buildings improvements

5 to 10 years

Production machineries and facilities

3 to 10 years

Equipment

3 to 5 years

Motor vehicles

2 to 4 years

Mold and tooling

Unit-of-production

Leasehold improvements

Shorter of the estimated useful life or lease term

The cost of maintenance and repairs is expensed as incurred, whereas the cost of renewals and betterment that extends the useful lives of property, plant and equipment is capitalized as additions to the related assets. When assets are retired or otherwise disposed of, the cost and related accumulated depreciation and amortization are removed from their respective accounts, and any gain or loss on such sale or disposal is reflected in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income/(loss).

The Company reviews the estimated useful lives of its Property, plant and equipment on an ongoing basis. In evaluating useful lives, the Company considers how long assets will remain functionally efficient and effective, given levels of production, competitive factors, and the economic environment. If the assessment indicates that the assets will continue to be used for a shorter or longer period than previously anticipated, the useful life of the assets is revised, resulting in a change in estimate. Changes in estimates are accounted for on a prospective basis by depreciating the assets’ current carrying values over their revised remaining useful lives.

As of September 30, 2022, the Company completed an assessment of the estimated units of production of certain molds and toolings and the useful lives of certain production facilitites, all of which can only be used for Li ONE vehicle production. The Company’s assessment in the third quarter of 2022 which reflects the planned cessation of Li ONE production by the end of October 2022, indicated that certain production facilities directly used for Li ONE vehicle production will not be used for the period of time originally estimated. As a result, the Company changed its estimates of useful lives for the certain production facilities from 10 years to 3 years, after considering the Company’s planned model succession from 2021 Li ONE to Li L8. In addition, depreciation of certain molds and toolings that are directly used in Li ONE production was also accelerated based on management’s revised best estimate for 2021 Li ONE’s production volume using the unit-of-production depreciation method. As a result of these changes in estimates, which are treated prospectively, the Company recorded in inventories and cost of sales an increase in depreciation expense of RMB225,791, for the nine months ended September 30, 2022.

(l)Product warranties

The Group provides product warranties on all new vehicles based on the contracts with its customers at the time of sale of vehicles. The Group accrues a warranty reserve for the vehicles sold by multiplying the expected unit costs for warranty services by the sales volume, which includes the best estimate of projected costs to repair or replace items under warranties. These estimates are primarily based on the estimates of the nature, frequency and average costs of future claims. These estimates are inherently uncertain given the Group’s relatively short history of sales, and changes to the historical or projected warranty experience may cause material changes to the warranty reserve in the future. The portion of the warranty reserve expected to be incurred within the next 12 months is included within the accrued and other current liabilities while the remaining balance is included within other non-current liabilities in the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets. Warranty cost is recorded as a component of cost of sales in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income/(loss). The Group reevaluates the adequacy of the warranty accrual on a regular basis.

The Group recognizes the benefit from a recovery of the costs associated with the warranty when specifics of the recovery have been agreed with the Group’s suppliers and the amount of the recovery is virtually certain.

F-16

Table of Contents

LI AUTO INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(All amounts in thousands, except for share and per share data)

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

The accrued warranty activity consists of the following:

    

For the Nine Months Ended

    

September 30, 2021

    

September 30, 2022

Accrued warranty at beginning of the period

 

233,366

 

842,345

Warranty cost incurred

 

(15,069)

 

(35,128)

Provision for warranty

 

385,730

 

482,742

Accrued warranty at end of the period

604,027

1,289,959

Including: Accrued warranty, current

 

111,645

 

152,648

Accrued warranty, non-current

492,382

1,137,311

(m)Convertible debt

The Group recognized convertible debt issued in 2021 in the long-term borrowings on the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets.

In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-06 Debt – Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging – Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40)(the “ASU 2020-06”). The Group determined to early adopt ASU 2020-06 from January 1, 2021. Since the ASU 2020-06 amended the guidance on convertible debt instruments by removing accounting models for the instruments with beneficial conversion features and cash conversion features. Accordingly, there is no need to consider beneficial conversion feature or cash conversion features for the convertible debt.

The Group assessed the convertible debt under ASC 815 and ASU 2020-06 and concluded that:

(i)Since the conversion option is considered indexed to the Company’s own stock and classified in shareholders’ (deficit)/ equity, bifurcation of conversion option from the convertible debt is not required as the scope exception prescribed in ASC 815-10-15-74 is met;
(ii)The repurchase option is considered clearly and closely related to its debt host and does not meet the requirement for bifurcation.
(iii)The Group presented the issuance costs of debt as a direct deduction from the related debt during the periods presented and subsequently amortized as interest expense over the contractual life.
(iv)The related accretion is recorded as interest expense in the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of comprehensive loss over the estimated term using the effective interest method.

(n)Revenue recognition

The Group launched the first volume manufactured extended-range electric vehicle, Li ONE, to the public in October 2018 and started making deliveries to customers in the fourth quarter of 2019. The Group released the 2021 Li ONE in May 2021, which is upgraded version of Li ONE and terminated the production of the first model Li ONE in May 2021. In June 2022, the Company launched extended-range electric vehicle Li L9 to the public and started making deliveries to customers in August 2022. Revenues of the Group are primarily derived from sales of vehicles, along with multiple distinct performance obligations within each sale of vehicle, as well as the sales of Li Plus Membership.

The Group adopted ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, on January 1, 2018 by applying the full retrospective method.

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Table of Contents

LI AUTO INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(All amounts in thousands, except for share and per share data)

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

Revenue is recognized when or as the control of the goods or services is transferred to a customer. Depending on the terms of the contract and the laws that apply to the contract, control of the goods and services may be transferred over time or at a point in time. Control of the goods and services is transferred over time if the Group’s performance:

provides all of the benefits received and consumed simultaneously by the customer;
creates and enhances an asset that the customer controls as the Group performs; or
does not create an asset with an alternative use to the Group and the Group has an enforceable right to payment for performance completed to date.

If control of the goods and services transfers over time, revenue is recognized over the period of the contract by reference to the progress towards complete satisfaction of that performance obligation. Otherwise, revenue is recognized at a point in time when the customer obtains control of the goods and services.

Contracts with customers may include multiple performance obligations. For such arrangements, the Group allocates revenue to each performance obligation based on its relative standalone selling price. The Group generally determines standalone selling prices based on the prices charged to customers. If the standalone selling price is not directly observable, it is estimated using expected cost plus a margin, depending on the availability of observable information. Assumptions and estimations have been made in estimating the relative selling price of each distinct performance obligation, and changes in judgments on these assumptions and estimates may impact the revenue recognition.

F-18

Table of Contents

LI AUTO INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(All amounts in thousands, except for share and per share data)

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

When either party to a contract has performed, the Group presents the contract in the statement of financial position as a contract asset or a contract liability, depending on the relationship between the entity’s performance and the customer’s payment.

A contract asset is the Group’s right to consideration in exchange for goods and services that the Group has transferred to a customer. A receivable is recorded when the Group has an unconditional right to consideration. A right to consideration is unconditional if only the passage of time is required before payment of that consideration is due.

If a customer pays consideration or the Group has a right to an amount of consideration that is unconditional, before the Group transfers a good or service to the customer, the Group presents the contract liability when the payment is made, or a receivable is recorded (whichever is earlier). A contract liability is the Group’s obligation to transfer goods or services to a customer for which the Group has received consideration (or an amount of consideration is due) from the customer.

Vehicle sales

The Group generates revenue from sales of vehicles, currently the Li L9 and Li ONE, together with a number of products and services. There are multiple distinct performance obligations explicitly stated in the sales contracts including sales of Li L9 and Li ONE, charging stalls, vehicle internet connection services, firmware over-the-air upgrades (or “FOTA upgrades”) and initial owner extended lifetime warranty subject to certain conditions, which are accounted for in accordance with ASC 606. The standard warranty provided by the Group is accounted for in accordance with ASC 460, Guarantees, and the estimated costs are recorded as a liability when the Group transfers the control of Li L9 and Li ONE to a customer.

Customers only pay the amount after deducting the government subsidies to which they are entitled for the purchase of new energy vehicles, which is applied on their behalf and collected by the Group from the government according to the applicable government policy. The Group has concluded that government subsidies should be considered as a part of the transaction price it charges the customers for the new energy vehicles, as the subsidy is granted to the purchaser of the new energy vehicles and the purchaser remains liable for such amount in the event the subsidies were not received by the Group due to his fault such as refusal or delay of providing application information. Since July 2020, the Group was no longer eligible for the government subsidies as the Group’s selling price of vehicles is higher than threshold in the circular issued by the certain PRC authorities.

The overall contract price is allocated to each distinct performance obligation based on the relative estimated standalone selling price in accordance with ASC 606. The revenue for sales of the Li L9 and Li ONE and charging stalls are recognized at a point in time when the control of the product is transferred to the customer. For the vehicle internet connection service and FOTA upgrades, the Group recognizes the revenue using a straight-line method over the service period. As for the initial owner extended lifetime warranty, given the limited operating history and lack of historical data, the Group recognizes the revenue over time based on a straight-line method over the extended warranty period initially, and will continue monitoring the cost pattern periodically and adjust the revenue recognition pattern to reflect the actual cost pattern as it becomes available.

As the contract price for the vehicle and all embedded products and services must be paid in advance, which means the payments are received prior to the transfer of goods or services by the Group, the Group records a contract liability (deferred revenue) for the allocated amount regarding those unperformed obligations.

Sales of Li Plus Membership

The Group also sells the Li Plus Membership to enrich the ownership experience of customers. Total Li Plus Membership fee is allocated to each performance obligation based on the relative estimated standalone selling price. And the revenue for each performance obligation is recognized either over the service period or at a point in time when the relevant goods or service is delivered or when the membership expired, whichever is earlier.

F-19

Table of Contents

LI AUTO INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(All amounts in thousands, except for share and per share data)

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

Customer loyalty points

Beginning in January 2020, the Group offers customer loyalty points, which can be used in the Group’s online store to redeem the Group’s merchandise or services. The Group determines the value of each customer loyalty point based on cost of the Group’s merchandise or service that can be obtained through redemption of customer loyalty points.

The Group concludes the customer loyalty points offered to customers in connection with the purchase of the Li L9 and Li ONE is a material right and is considered as a separate performance obligation according to ASC 606, and should be taken into consideration when allocating the transaction price of the sales of vehicle. The amount allocated to the customer loyalty points as separate performance obligation is recorded as contract liability (deferred revenue) and revenue should be recognized when the customer loyalty points are used or expired.

Customers or users of the mobile application can also obtain customer loyalty points through other ways, such as referring new customers to purchase the vehicles via the mobile application. The Group offers these customer loyalty points to encourage user engagement and generate market awareness. As a result, the Group accounts for such points as selling and marketing expenses with a corresponding liability recorded under accruals and other current liabilities upon the points offering.

Sales of Automotive Regulatory Credits

Pursuant to the measurements and policies promulgated by China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (“MIIT”), each of the vehicle manufacturers or importers above a certain scale is able to earn Automotive Regulatory Credits by manufacturing or importing New Energy Vehicle (“NEV”). The Automotive Regulatory Credits are tradable and sold to other companies through a credit management system established by MIIT. The Group earns the tradable new energy vehicle credits from the production of the Group’s electric vehicles. The Group sells these credits at agreed price to other regulated entities who can use the credits to comply with the regulatory requirements. The Group recognized revenue on the sale of Automotive Regulatory Credits at the time control of the Automotive Regulatory Credits were transferred to the purchasing party in September 2021 as MIIT has completed the review and approved the sale of Automotive Regulatory Credits, the related NEV Credits have been transferred to purchasing party. The full consideration for sale of Automotive Regulatory Credits was collected by the Group in the fourth quarter of 2021.

Practical expedients and exemptions

The Group elects to expense the costs to obtain a contract as incurred given the majority of the contract considerations for vehicle sales are allocated to the sales of Li L9 and Li ONE and recognized as revenue upon transfer of control of the vehicles, which is within one year after entering the sales contracts.

(o)Government grants

The Group’s PRC based subsidiaries received government subsidies from certain local governments. The Group’s government subsidies consist of specific subsidies and other subsidies. Specific subsidies are subsidies that the local government has provided for a specific purpose, such as research and development purpose, construction of production plants and facilities and capacity subsidies related to the Chongqing Manufacturing Base. Other subsidies are the subsidies that the local government has not specified its purpose for and are not tied to future trends or performance of the Group, receipt of such subsidy income is not contingent upon any further actions or performance of the Group and the amounts do not have to be refunded under any circumstances. The Group recorded specific purpose subsidies as a non-current liability if the amount is received in advance. For specific subsidies, upon government acceptance of the related project construction or asset acquisition, the specific purpose subsidies are recognized to reduce the cost of asset acquisition. Other subsidies are recognized as Others, net upon receipt as further performance by the Group is not required.

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Table of Contents

LI AUTO INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(All amounts in thousands, except for share and per share data)

2.Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

As of December 31, 2021 and September 30, 2022, other non-current liabilities included nil and RMB408,666 in deferred government grants relating to specific government subsidies for construction production plants and facilities and product development, respectively. These government grants are expected to be amortized using the straight-line method as a deduction of the depreciation expense of these assets over their useful lives upon construction and when placed in use.

(p)Fair value

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received from selling an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. When determining the fair value measurement for assets and liabilities required or permitted to be either recorded or disclosed at fair value, the Group considers the principal or most advantageous market in which it would transact, and it also considers assumptions that market participants would use when pricing the asset or liability.

Accounting guidance establishes a fair value hierarchy that requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. A financial instrument’s categorization within the fair value hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. Accounting guidance establishes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:

Level 1—Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2—Observable, market-based inputs, other than quoted prices, in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 3—Unobservable inputs to the valuation methodology that are significant to the measurement of the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

When available, the Group uses quoted market prices to determine the fair value of an asset or liability. If quoted market prices are not available, the Group will measure fair value using valuation techniques that use, when possible, current market-based or independently sourced market parameters, such as interest rates and currency rates.

(q)Loss per share

Basic net loss per share is computed using the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding during the period using the two-class method. Under the two-class method, net loss is not allocated to other participating securities if based on their contractual terms they are not obligated to share in the loss. Diluted net loss per share is computed using the weighted average number of ordinary shares and potential ordinary shares outstanding during the period. Potential ordinary shares include ordinary shares issuable upon the exercise of outstanding share options using the treasury stock method and ordinary shares issuable upon the conversion of convertible debt using the if-converted method. Potential ordinary shares are not included in the denominator of the diluted loss per share calculation when inclusion of such shares would be anti-dilutive.

(r)Segment reporting

ASC 280, Segment Reporting, establishes standards for companies to report in their financial statements information about operating segments, products, services, geographic areas, and major customers.

Based on the criteria established by ASC 280, the Group’s chief operating decision maker (“CODM”) has been identified as the Chief Executive Officer, who reviews consolidated results when making decisions about allocating resources and assessing performance of the Group as a whole, and hence, the Group has only one reportable segment. The Group does not distinguish between markets or segments for the purpose of internal reporting. As the Group’s long-lived assets are substantially located in the PRC, no geographical segment information is presented.

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Table of Contents

LI AUTO INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(All amounts in thousands, except for share and per share data)

3. Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Recently adopted accounting pronouncements

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, to remove specific exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740 and to simplify accounting for income taxes. The standard is effective for public companies for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2020. Early adoption is permitted. The Group adopted this ASU from January 1, 2021. The ASU did not have a material impact on the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

In January 2020, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2020-01, Investments — Equity Securities (Topic 321), Investments — Equity Method and Joint Ventures (Topic 323), and Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Clarifying the Interactions between Topic 321, Topic 323, and Topic 815. The amendments clarified that an entity should consider observable transactions that require it to either apply or discontinue the equity method of accounting for the purposes of applying the measurement alternative in accordance with Topic 321 immediately before applying or upon discontinuing the equity method. The amendments also clarified that for the purpose of applying paragraph 815-10-15-141(a) an entity should not consider whether, upon the settlement of the forward contract or exercise of the purchased option, individually or with existing investments, the underlying securities would be accounted for under the equity method in Topic 323 or the fair value option in accordance with the financial instruments guidance in Topic 825. An entity also would evaluate the remaining characteristics in paragraph 815-10-15-141 to determine the accounting for those forward contracts and purchased options. The Group adopted ASU No. 2020-01 from January 1, 2021, which did not have a material impact on the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

4. Concentration and Risks

(a)Concentration of credit risk

Assets that potentially subject the Group to significant concentrations of credit risk primarily consist of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, time deposits and short-term investments, long-term deposits and long-term financial instruments. The maximum exposure of such assets to credit risk is their carrying amounts as of the balance sheet dates. As of December 31, 2021 and September 30, 2022, most of the Group’s cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash and time deposits and short-term investments, long-term deposits and long-term financial instruments were held by major financial institutions located in the PRC and Hong Kong which management believes are of high credit quality. On May 1, 2015, China’s new Deposit Insurance Regulation came into effect, pursuant to which banking financial institutions, such as commercial banks, established in the PRC are required to purchase deposit insurance for deposits in RMB and in foreign currency placed with them. This Deposit Insurance Regulation would not be effective in providing complete protection for the Group’s accounts, as its aggregate deposits are much higher than the compensation limit. However, the Group believes that the risk of failure of any of these PRC banks is remote. The Group expects that there is no significant credit risk associated with cash and cash equivalents, time deposits and short-term investments, long-term deposits and long-term financial instruments which are held by reputable financial institutions in the jurisdictions where the Company, its subsidiaries and the VIEs are located. The Group believes that it is not exposed to unusual risks as these financial institutions have high credit quality. The Group has no significant concentrations of credit risk with respect to the assets mentioned above.

The Group relies on a limited number of third parties to provide payment processing services (“payment service providers”) to collect amounts due from customers. Payment service providers are financial institutions, credit card companies and mobile payment platforms such as Alipay and WeChat Pay, which the Group believes are of high credit quality.

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LI AUTO INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(All amounts in thousands, except for share and per share data)

4. Concentration and Risks (Continued)

(b)Currency convertibility risk

The PRC government imposes controls on the convertibility of RMB into foreign currencies. The Group’s cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, time deposits and short-term investments and long-term financial instruments denominated in RMB that are subject to such government controls amounted to RMB24,509,656 and RMB50,848,631 as of December 31, 2021 and September 30, 2022, respectively. The value of RMB is subject to changes in the central government policies and to international economic and political developments affecting supply and demand in the PRC foreign exchange trading system market. In the PRC, certain foreign exchange transactions are required by law to be transacted only by authorized financial institutions at exchange rates set by the People’s Bank of China (the “PBOC”). Remittances in currencies other than RMB by the Group in the PRC must be processed through PBOC or other Chinese foreign exchange regulatory bodies which require certain supporting documentation in order to process the remittance.

(c)Foreign currency exchange rate risk

The conversion of Renminbi into foreign currencies, including U.S. dollars, is based on rates set by the People’s Bank of China. The Renminbi has fluctuated against the U.S. dollar, at times significantly and unpredictably. The value of Renminbi against the U.S. dollar and other currencies is affected by changes in China’s political and economic conditions and by China’s foreign exchange policies, among other things. The appreciation of the RMB against the US$ was approximately 0.6% for the nine months ended September 30, 2021. The depreciation of the RMB against the US$ was approximately 11.4% for the nine months ended September 30, 2022. It is difficult to predict how market forces or PRC or U.S. government policy may impact the exchange rate between the RMB and the US$ in the future.

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